Monitoring Baby’s Hearing and Vision

Unlike older children and adults, infants cannot tell you if they have problems with their hearing and vision. They also wouldn’t normally feel uncomfortable because they wouldn’t be able to distinguish auditory and visual problems from normal hearing and sight.

As parents, you need to be aware of signs that will tell you your child probably has hearing and/or visual problems.

Baby’s Hearing Development
Doctors usually check baby’s hearing after childbirth or within his/her first month. Normally, babies would be able to react to noises when they are a month old. Studies also show that children will react to their parents’ voices at 3 months old, and by 6 months, they can determine the source of the sound by turning their heads toward the source. Most babies will also be able to imitate sounds at 12 months and produce a few simple words.

Warning Signs of Hearing Problems
If your baby has failed the screening, it doesn’t mean that he/she has gone deaf, but the doctors will not be able to provide any treatment until the child is 6 months old. Repeat test will confirm the results and will give the doctors an idea how to save baby’s hearing. Even if the results of the hearing examinations are positive, you should still look out for the following signs: baby doesn’t react to sudden noises at 3 months; doesn’t respond to music and voices; doesn’t imitate sounds at 6 months or feel at ease when there’s a familiar voice; baby doesn’t turn to the source of the sound; and there is no variety in pitch when baby babbles.

Baby’s Sight Development
Your baby’s eyes are among the last organs to fully develop before childbirth, and during his/her first few months outside the womb, the eyes will continuously adjust as he/he grows up. For example, it’s perfectly normal for a baby to look cross-eyed sometimes during his/her first three months and their sight is normally blurry or out of focus, but they should be able to distinguish different colors. After about a week old, the baby should be able to focus on objects not farther than 12 inches from his/her face. By the time he/she is six months old, the baby will be able to see clearly at any distance and will react to objects and facial expressions.

Warning Signs of Visual Problems
A child’s vision will not fully mature until he/she is about 3 years old, but you should consult your pediatrician if you notice any of the following signs: baby’s eyes don’t move or only one eye moves; objects and other visual stimulus don’t elicit reactions from an infant at one month or older; one of the eyes has not opened or one of the eyelids droop; you notice red spots on the eyes when taking photos of the child; one or both of the eyes are bulging; the infant’s eyes look cloudy; eyes are sensitive to light or the baby often squints; the pupils are of different sizes; and the baby often rubs his/her eyes.

How to Groom Your Baby’s Nails Properly

Baby’s nails grow fast, that is why it’s important to learn how to groom your baby’s nails properly to prevent scratches and other injuries. Here are pointers to help you practice.

• Buy baby-safe grooming tools. You can’t use your regular nail clipper and emery board on your baby because their nails are soft and flexible. Instead, invest in baby nail clippers, safety scissors or an emery board. Clippers are easy to use although you should be careful about pinching the skin accidentally. Nail scissors will take time to get used to, but they are safe if they have blunt edges.

• No need to trim in the first few weeks. If you have been advised by the doctor not to trim baby’s nails, you can put on mittens and socks to prevent the infant from scratching him/herself. Long-sleeved onesies can also be useful of they have fold-over cuffs.

• Trim the nails twice a week. Baby’s nails grow faster than an adult’s and are also sharp and ragged, so you will probably have to practice trimming them twice a week, especially the fingernails. The toenails grow a bit slower, so they will only need trimming at least twice a month.

• Groom your baby when he/she is relaxed. You could easily injure your baby if he/she is moving around a lot while grooming, so pick the best time to trim the nails. You can ask another person to distract the baby or you can trim the nails while baby is sleeping or feeding. You can also trim baby’s nails right after bath because the nails will be a lot softer.

• Don’t trim the nails too short. You should know by now that to avoid ingrown nails in the future, you should try not to trim too close to the skin. Clip straight across then smooth the edges with an emery board. If you cut the skin accidentally, rinse with running water and apply pressure on the area with a clean, damp cotton. Avoid placing bandages because the wound will heal fast.

• File baby’s nails. You can also use a baby emery board instead of a nail clipper or scissors. In fact, your doctor might recommend an emery board for the first few weeks instead of the scissors or clippers to avoid accidents. It’s safer for baby’s skin, but it will take more time. Avoid using a metal nail file because that can injure your baby’s skin. There are electric files that are safe for baby if you want to cut the time it takes to file the nails, but they are more expensive than the emery board.

• Don’t bite baby’s nails. Just because the nails are soft, doesn’t mean you can clip it with your teeth. Not only will it leave ragged edges, but the habit might also cause infection and injury.

What You Need to Know About White Wines

White wines are made from varieties of white grapes although some are made from red grapes as long as the grape skin isn’t used. Like reds, white wines are also classified by their sweetness and dryness. If you have ever tried champagne during a party or a celebration, it’s a type of white wine made from either red or white grapes fermented in the bottle.

Dry White Wines
There are five major types of dry white wine, namely; light/grapefruit/floral, light/citrus/lemon, light/herbal/grassy, rich/creamy/nutty, and medium/perfume/floral. White is characterized by the absence of or minimal residual sugar. Put simply, dry white wine isn’t sweet. Dry white wine is produced by allowing the yeast during the fermentation process to consume all the sugar. Dry white wines with fruit flavors still retain the fruity taste however.

Examples of dry white wines are Cortese, Pinot Grigio, Verdejo, Chardonnay, and Tokaji.

Sweet White Wines
There are two types of sweet white wines, the off-dry/apricots/peaches and sweet/tropical/honey. Sweet whites have more residual sugar than dry white. Sweet wines are commonly produced by a late harvest of grapes because mature grapes contain more sugar. Sometimes the grapes that are not fully matured yet are harvested and dried under the sun to preserve acidity and produce sweetness. Some also use pressed frozen mature grapes to preserve the water in the grapes. Others add sugar to the juice in a process called chaptalization. Meanwhile, there are winemakers who simply stop the fermentation process to allow more sugar to remain.

Examples of sweet white wines are Muller-Thurgau, Chenin Blanc, Ice Wine, and Sauternes. The word “sweet” may be written in other languages such as sec (French) or Auslese/Spaetlese (German).

White Wine for Beginners
There are at least 40 varieties of white wine, so how do you pick your first bottle the next time you’re at a European-themed restaurant in Singapore? Here are the recommended varieties you can start with.

1. Chardonnay, which tastes like citrus and oak.
2. Pinot Grigio on the other hand has a fruity taste such as pear or ripe apple.
3. Moscato d’Asti is a type of off-dry white which is slightly frizzy.
4. Riesling, which has a crispy citrus flavor. Pick from dry to very sweet types.

Benefits of White Wine
Wines are made from grapes so they give the body the same benefits as most fruits. Red wines are generally regarded as healthier than white wines, but they actually provide the same benefits. White wine contains flavonoids which might help prevent cancer. A glass of white wine can help you lose weight and even has lower caloric content than beer and red wine. Champagne in particular has good effects on the heart, has very low calorie content and can even aid memory.

Like all alcoholic drinks however, drinking too much wine will only cause more harm than good. Ideally, two to three glasses every week should be good for the body.

Basic Rules for Wine and Food Pairings

Next time you’re at a fine dining restaurant, don’t embarrass yourself by getting confused after the waiter asks what wine you’d like to pair with your food.

These are the basic tips on how to pick the right food and wine pairings.

Balance the Flavors
There are basic food and wine pairings you can start from. It’s like playing a matching game. Most food can be classified in one of the following: fatty, salty, bitter, spicy, umami and sweet. When choosing wine, think about the acidity and alcohol level.

Fatty Plus Acid and Tannins
Fatty food are best paired with wines that have higher acidity levels. That is because the acid can help bring out the flavors by breaking down the food components faster. It’s also easier to wash down the oil left in your mouth. More tannins are also perfect for most meat.

Salty Plus Sweet
Salty food should be balanced with a glass of sweet wine. A sweet and salty combination is like a treat for the palate. That is why cheese are best paired with sweet wines because they bring out each other’s flavors.

Sweet Plus Sweet
If you’re a fan of sweets, pair it up with an equally sweet or sweeter wine. You might be wondering why the wine doesn’t complement with the food, but it actually does. The wine’s sweetness will bring out the flavor of the dessert. You can even pick sweet wines with flavors like nuts also found in your dessert.

Grilled Plus Oaky
If you love grilled and charred food, wines aged in oaks can help bring out its flavors. Oaked wines are known for their intense flavor and aroma, something that can be countered by grilled food which are also flavorful and aromatic.

Spicy Plus Slightly Sweet
Wines that still have some residual sugar left during fermentation can help you cool down your mouth when eating spicy food. The wine should also have less alcohol and tannins to avoid making the dish seem spicier in your mouth.

Umami Plus Sweet or Acidic
A lot of Asian dishes have umami or savory flavor. The only thing you need to consider when choosing a wine is not the flavor of the food itself but the salt content of the dish. If the dish isn’t salty, pair it up with sweet wines or off-dry wines. Food with high salt content however needs wine with higher acidity.

Bitter Plus Sweet
Never pair bitter food like dark chocolate with an equally bitter wine, although some people are a fan of this combination. Pick something sweet or slightly sweet to complement the taste.

Sour Plus Sweet
Sour dishes generally go well together with sweet wine. They both bring out the opposite flavors. Sour food can also reduce the alcohol content as long as you don’t pick wines with lower acidity than the food.

Regional Pairings
The general rule for regional cuisine is to pair it with wine grown and processed within the same region the recipe comes from. That is because the flavors were made with those same dishes in mind.

Must-Have Ingredients in the Kitchen

Living alone or living with other people in a place with a kitchen means that every once in a while. You don’t need to be a professional chef to know how to work the kitchen because cooking is actually a basic human ability. Historically, everyone was cooking because of the need for cooked food but as time progressed and the availability of cooked food became more accessible, a lot of people lost the urge to even learn how to cook.

Nowadays, not everybody actually knows how to cook. Even the simplest dish like egg or rice can sometimes be hard for people who do not know how the basics of cooking. Cooking is a skill that might take some time and practice to matter but with the right push, you’ll get better in no time.

Anyway, let’s get back to the kitchen. Aside from the frying pans and the stove and everything a basic kitchen might have, let’s talk about the ingredients you should most definitely have in your kitchen.

1. Salt
Salt is a basic ingredient to almost every dish around. In fact, there are only a number of dishes that do not require salt as a basic ingredient and this is why you should always have some salt in your kitchen. Salt is not only cheap but also very easy to buy. You can easily buy salt almost everywhere. Another great thing about salt is that it does not easily spoil. In fact, salt has a shelf life so long that you won’t even have to worry about it.

2. Pepper
Pepper is a great addition to meat and other dishes as it gives a little kick to a basic bland dish. Pepper can be a bit harsh if you put too much of it in whatever you are cooking but with the right amount, pepper could do justice to whatever dish you are trying to prepare.

3. Garlic
If you are too lazy to slice garlic or do not have the time to slice garlic every time you are preparing for a meal, you can buy crushed garlic which you would only have to sprinkle over your food as you are trying to prepare it. The shelf life of these granulated crushed garlic can last quite a while which would save you a lot of time. Just do not get the container wet as it would cause the garlic to solidify.

4. Sugar
Sugar is a great way to add sweetness to whatever meal you are trying to make. Sugar can be added to so many things to make it taste not just sweeter but also better. Sugar is also very affordable and has a long shelf life but you have to make sure you keep it safe and sealed. You do not want ants to start to eating your sugar and infesting your kitchen.

Best Chicken Rice in Singapore

Whoa! Now we’re talking! We all know what chicken rice is but is it even possible to find the best chicken rice in Singapore? How do we even begin!? Almost every hawker center around Singapore has the best chicken rice. Well, this is not impossible at all! Sadly, we weren’t able to pinpoint the perfect store that sells the perfect chicken rice. But fear not! We’ve been able to narrow them down into these few stores where we feel sell the best chicken rice in Singapore.

1. Zi Jin Cheng Hainanese Chicken Rice
Served with a Side of Achar, this Hainanese Chicken is best accompanied with the soup which is really rich in flavor and not bland at all! As for the Chicken Rice, although you may say it is a bit dry, it is definitely rich in flavor! One cool thing about the Zi Jin Cheng Hainanese Chicken Rice is the fact that the chili is perfectly balanced! A common problem with chili is that there is usually too much garlic but this chili is definitely a good blend.

Located at the Alexandra Village Food Center

2. Peking Roasted Chicken Rice
Roasted chicken? Of course! This place serves Chicken Rice with roasted chicken and that just adds a whole new dynamic to the dish itself! The texture is obviously different and this brings a whole new experience to your regular Hainanese Chicken Rice. Not only is the Chicken Rice amazing, the soup is also out of this world!

Located at the Soy Eu Tua Coffee Shop on 15 Upper East Coast Rd, Singapore 455207

3. Five Star Kampung Chicken Rice
First and foremost, you have to know that the Chicken they are serving is grown and raised in a humble Kampung which is why the taste is different but also very good. The meat is juicier and the skin is able to soak in so much flavor! The sauce on the other hand is on the sweeter side. Now this is definitely a Chicken Rice worth trying!

Located at 191 East Coast Rd, Singapore 428897

You can find Hainanese Chicken Rice at your local Hawker but where exactly do you find the perfect Hainanese Chicken Rice in all of Singapore? The question remains unanswered until today. There are so many great places to get Hainanese Chicken Rice but we feel that these are the best places to get them. Of course, if you are contented with the Chicken Rice served at your local Hawker, then there’s no need for you to try them out. But if you are in search of the best, these three places are the places where you should start.

6 Situations a Professional Locksmith Can Help You With

Without a doubt, professional locksmith Singapore is invaluable. They have the necessary skills and expertise required to keep you, your family, and your valuables secure. Whether you’re at home, at work, or even while on the go, professional locksmiths can rescue you from any locked-out situations. So, when you’re stuck in any of these emergencies, you can always call locksmith Singapore.

1. When Locked Out of Home, Office, or Car

At one point or another, everyone has experienced being locked out of their home, office, or car. Usually, this is because people are so much in a hurry and, without thinking, shuts a door close before even realizing that the keys aren’t with them. Typically, this situation requires for an emergency service, but not always. However, if this happens in the middle of the night, during weekends or holidays, you may have to call in reinforcement. While rescue for emergency situations costs much higher, it is no doubt money well spent.

2. When Security Frameworks Fail

Just as how they gain entry into locked automobiles, offices, and homes, professional locksmiths from Singapore like http://www.lockmaster.sg/ can also gain access to a variety of security frameworks, including vaults, filing cabinets, drawers, etc. Jammed security framework happen for a many reasons, but the most commonly is has something to do with a faulty electronic mechanism. Calling a reputable locksmith professional will result to a much faster bypass operation than waiting for a security company to dispatch a technician to your location.

3. When You Lose Your Keys

This is the most common reason why Singapore homeowners call for a locksmith service. This can be a really frustrating situation especially if you have realized too late that your keys aren’t with you. In fact, there are two reasons why your keys are nowhere to be found. First, someone might have stolen it or, second, you might have misplaced it. For whatever reason, key replacement has to be done immediately. This is when a locksmith comes to your location and creates a duplicate key to gain access to your property.

4. When It Calls For a Security System Assessment

Many Singapore homeowners are unaware that door locks must be changed periodically. Having the same security system in place for years increases the risk of burglary and unauthorized intrusion. If it has been a long while since the security system of your home or business was changed; or you’re planning to be away from home for a long period of time, it would be worth the time and effort to have your security system assessed by a trusted locksmith company.

5. When You Witness an Accident

Accidents require the assistance of an emergency locksmith as someone may be trapped inside a car or a house due to jammed locks. If you happen to be a witness of these kinds of emergency situation, you can be of such great help by calling an emergency locksmith. Along with the rescue team, a locksmith can provide help by allowing authorized personnel to gain entry into properties where a victim may be trapped in.

6. When Enforcement of Law Is Necessary

In certain circumstances, locksmithing is called to the scene by a local law enforcer. For example, a locksmith is often called to unlock cars with small children or babies inside while the parent is, say, in the supermarket. Because of these services, locksmiths have saved children who may have been seriously injured, or worse have died.

There are so many cases when professional assistance from locksmith Singapore is needed. However, these six are the most common situations that Singaporeans often call for help.

Hair Coloring 101

Here’s a list of words you need to know about hair coloring before you make the trip to the salon or try one yourself at home.

Hair. It is made up of keratin and melanin, eumelanin and pheomelanin, which determine the colors. A mixture of these is dictated by your genes resulting in your hair color. Eumelanin is responsible for darkness while pheomelanin creates light colors.

Color. The color you see on the hair is the reflection of the light on the pigments. That is why there is a tendency for hair to appear to have a different color under a different light. Black hair reflects least.

Tone. It refers to the the color’s warmth, coolness and natural shade.

Levels. Colors are labeled by numbers according to the lightness and darkness. Black hair for example is 1. When changing your hair color, experts advise to pick two levels higher or lower than your hair color.

Hair Color. When choosing the color of the dye, you have to consider if you need to lighten or darken your hair. If you’re tired of your black hair, you will have to lighten it. So pick colors above 1.

Colorant. A hair dye usually contains a set consisting of a colorant and a developer. The colorant is the dye that will react with the developer.

Developer. A developer brings out the color of the hair by acting as an oxidizing agent. This process takes a maximum of 30 minutes for the color to bind to the strands.

Forms. There are three different forms of hair color to choose from. These are mousse, gel and creme. Mousse is the easiest to apply and works like a shampoo, gel lasts longer while creme is ideal for covering graying hair.

Single-Process Color. It means applying one color toner to the hair once. Double-process color on the other hand is the bleaching and then the hair toning, a process done when lightening hair for more than two levels.

Permanent Hair Color. This process changes the pigments in your hair strands by opening the cuticle and then depositing the color. It cannot be washed but will fade over time. If you have graying hair however, your roots will have a noticeably different color.

Semi-Permanent Color. This dyeing process fades within a short time and cannot lighten hair color. The color is deposited only on the surface of each of your hair strands. Others call this tint or rinse.

Henna. This dye covers only the cuticle of the hair, but the resulting color will depend on your hair’s base color. It’s a bit messy to apply and should not be used when you’re planning a permanent dye after henna.

Deposit Only Color. This is also called demi-permanent color. It lasts longer than semi-permanent color and cannot lighten hair color. It has the qualities of both permanent and semi-permanent.

Highlights. Individual sections of the hair are lightened. This is done through the following: foil highlights, piercing or chunking, balayage or painting, and low lighting.

The Horror of Split Ends

For most women, split ends are as scary as getting bald. Yet, it’s common for those who always style and treat their hair. What should you do if it happens?

Signs and Causes

In medical terms, split ends are called trichoptilosis or schizotrichia. Split ends make the hair strands or shaft brittle, causing it to split.

Excessive contact to heat, chemicals and stress are the causes of split ends. It could also be a symptom of medical conditions like occipital horn syndrome and Menkes disease. A condition known as trichorrhexis nodosa also cause split ends because the hair shafts are weak. It’s a genetic condition where some hair shafts are thick at some points and thin in others.

The primary causes for split ends all have to do with how you treat your hair. Blow drying, perming, curling, straightening, rebonding, hair coloring and highlights all damage hair. Using heating materials like blow dryers, iron curlers and straighteners too often to style your hair suck out the moisture from the follicles.

Application of chemicals during hair treatments and hair coloring alter the composition in your hair. Disrupting that will naturally cause damage, especially if you apply chemicals frequently within a year.

Stress like too much combing and tight hairstyles don’t do as much damage. These are only harmful if you already have split ends. Shampooing and conditioning your hair regularly do not necessarily damage hair either, especially if you have oily skin and are prone to dandruff.

Treatment and Prevention

Trim and Treat: You cannot treat split ends. There are products in the market claiming they could repair split ends but there is no proof that they work. They will only make your hair look undamaged but the effect is only on the surface and does not solve the problem at all. The best way to get rid of split ends is to trim the affected parts. Experts recommend getting a trim every six to eight weeks to prevent them from coming back. The so-called split ends treatment products will work only as a protection from further damage. Get a trim first then start using healing products.

Shampoo and Conditioner: When you shampoo, massage your scalp, not rub strands together. The amount of shampoo and conditioner should not exceed the small area of a cupped palm. Squeeze an amount not more than the size of a coin. Rinse with cold or lukewarm water, not hot. Dry using a towel, but don’t rub the strands together. Let your hair air dry before combing.

No Chemicals and Stress: Avoid contact with heat. You will have to stop using your blow dryer for a while until the split ends are gone. You should also space your hair treatments every several months, but it’s better not to have any until your hair is healthy again. Ideally, you can only have three hair treatments per year. Avoid applying too many chemicals on your hair while its heals because that will only worsen the damage. Let your hair rest to heal.

When to Call Car Servicing Professionals

When you buy a new car in Singapore, the car manufacturer or dealer will recommend a car maintenance schedule. Most drivers, however, are happy to ignore the car servicing intervals because they think that they will be spending money for something so trivial. The result is that the car breaks down at unexpected moments.

Here are ways to determine if your car badly needs TLC at the nearest car servicing in Singapore.

Listen to Car Noises

Popping noises from the exhaust means that the fuel system has a problem. Modern cars need to be taken to the nearest car workshop for reprogramming. The cause could be wrong fuel mixture. If the car squeals whenever you brake, it means that your brakes need to be checked as soon as possible. Clunking noises indicate that the suspension has worn down or the steering system has a problem. How to avoid hearing such noises? The trick is to follow the scheduled car maintenance that was recommended by the manufacturer. Don’t wait before you hear these noises. Chances are, the damage could be extensive and you will pay more for car repair than a simple check-up.

Fuel Inefficiency

A car that runs on less fuel means that everything is working right. If you notice that you’re using up more fuel than usual, then it’s time to take the vehicle to a car servicing shop in Singapore. A lot of factors can affect fuel economy. The simplest could be tire pressure. Make it a habit to inspect all the tires including the spare before you start the car.

Regular oil change during car maintenance is another key. Make sure to also replace the spark plugs and change the air filter. Always check the odometer at the best and recommended car workshop in Singapore whenever you fill up the tank then calculate the fuel efficiency by dividing the miles traveled by the car between filling up by the total gallons of fuel you bought.

Engine Performance

Modern cars have a check engine light on the dashboard that will tell the owner that there is something wrong with the engine. But this can be complicated. Engine trouble could mean a lot of things. When you take the car to a car servicing shop in Singapore, they will be able to tell you the exact problem.

It could be from the electrical system, heating and cooling system, brakes or the struts or shocks. Do not try to diagnose the problem yourself to save money, because you’ll be doing more harm than good. If the check engine light is flashing,the issue could be more serious so you need to stop the car at the nearest car servicing shop as soon as possible.

Brake System Failure

The break system isn’t just that pedal near your feet. It’s a complicated system that when fails you, could place the passengers in danger. Don’t ignore the following warning signs that tell you you need to have the brake system checked at a car servicing in Singapore: odd sounds whenever you try to brake the car, there is an odd smell like something is burning, the pedal isn’t working as usual, the car swerves whenever you try to brake, or if the brake pads looks worn out. The brake system should always be included in the car servicing package to make sure you and your passengers can travel safely.

Leaking Car Fluids

Your car utilizes different fluids and oils for a lot of things. Not everyone has the time or expertise to check all these, so leave it to professionals to do the car maintenance for you. If you notice leaks, don’t wait until the problems worsens. The pink fluid could be the transmission fluid or the power steering fluid. Blue liquid is the windshield wiper fluid.

Brown could be the motor oil, gear lubricant or brake fluid. Yellow might be the radiator coolant, while green could indicate that it might be the antifreeze. An orange fluid could mean that the antifreeze or transmission fluid is old or leaking. But the color could also tell you of other problems. Red fluids indicate a leak in the power steering system or the transmission system.

Failing Coolant System

The purpose of the coolant system is to keep the engine cool while it’s running. The engine will heat up when it’s used, so it’s important to change the antifreeze and flush the coolant system as specified by the manufacturer. Flushing the cooling system will remove the dirt, sediment and rust. Not doing so can damage the parts or clog the engine and radiator. Disposing of the antifreeze is risky, so it’s better to hire car servicing professionals to do it for you. The coolant warning sign on the dashboard could also indicate the following problems: faulty thermostat, water pump failure, corrosion or hole near the radiator, restriction of the flow of the coolant, or radiator failure.

Faulty Air-Conditioning System

If the air-conditioning system in the car doesn’t work, it could result in the following problems: strange noises when air-conditioning is turned on, water buildup inside the car, a worn out compressor, electrical system problems, an unpleasant smell inside the car or the refrigerant could leak. Most car servicing packages in Singapore include a check-up of the air-conditioning system. Make sure that it’s working because you don’t want to be traveling in a humid Singapore weather without it. Preventive maintenance will cost less than a car repair at a car workshop.

Dirty Air and Engine Filters and Wipers

Replace the cabin air filter when it’s dirty. You can buy a replacement at the nearest car servicing shop or a professional can have a new one installed for you. A clean filter will make daily trips more comfortable for everyone in the car. The engine filter needs to be replaced as well according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Don’t ignore the windshied wipers too because they get worn down after a while. They are cheap and easy to replace.